Hiking The Congo Nile Trail Along Lake Kivu in Rwanda

The Congo Nile Trail is a popular destination for hikers and mountain bikers eager to discover Rwanda's diverse landscapes, cultures, and wildlife. The trail derives its name from the watershed that separates the Congo and Nile rivers. Let's explore this hiking destination.

An exhilarating adventure to explore the spectacular Congo Nile Trail along the stunning Lake Kivu in western Rwanda.

Rwanda is a gorgeous destination for nature hiking enthusiasts looking to explore its awe-inspiring landscapes, delightful climate, and remarkable wildlife. The country offers a range of trails suitable for all experience levels, allowing visitors to enthrall themselves in its natural splendor and embrace the hospitality of its villages. 

One standout trail is the renowned Congo Nile Trail, which follows the shores of Lake Kivu. Along the trail, hikers are treated to fascinating lake views, rolling hills, tea plantations, and verdant rainforests. The trail offers opportunities to engage with local communities and experience their warm hospitality.

The Congo Nile Trail is a popular destination for hikers and mountain bikers eager to discover Rwanda’s diverse landscapes, cultures, and wildlife. The trail derives its name from the watershed that separates the Congo and Nile rivers. 

The trail weaves through rainforests, bracken fields, and bamboo forests, offering an unparalleled hiking experience that rivals hiking trails in East and Central Africa. Walking the entire route on foot takes approximately ten days, but hiking specific sections is also possible. The Congo Nile Trail offers challenges and rewards, meandering along the fringes of Lake Kivu and ascending the peaks of Rwanda’s lush hills. With a peak elevation of 2,630 meters, the trail provides a formidable physical workout. 

Accommodations, including campsites and guesthouses, are available along the route to cater to different comfort preferences. Small shops lining the trail provide refreshments, and active tourists can explore the coastal waters through kayaking tours, boat rides, and visits to the islands on Lake Kivu. Hikers can choose to traverse the trail from either direction, allowing for a north-to-south or south-to-north journey. It’s advisable to book accommodations and meals in advance to ensure a smooth hiking experience.

Hiking The Congo Nile Trail Along Lake Kivu in Rwanda

Highlights of the Congo Nile Trail

Gisenyi Town Rubavu as seen hiking on the trail

Gisenyi Town: Serving as the trail’s starting point, Gisenyi is a vibrant town nestled on the northern shore of Lake Kivu. It boasts a sandy beach, a golf course, a brewery, and a hot spring. Close proximity to the border with the Democratic Republic of Congo provides an opportunity to witness the active Nyiragongo volcano.

Kinunu Fishing Village on the congo nile hiking trail

Kinunu Fishing Village: Situated on the eastern shore of Lake Kivu, Kinunu is a quaint fishing village renowned for its coffee production and processing. Visitors can explore a coffee washing station and gain insights into the various stages of coffee making. Additionally, they can indulge in a boat ride on the lake or relax on the beach.

Kibuye Town along the congo nile trail on lake kivu shores

Kibuye Town: Nestled on a peninsula of Lake Kivu, Kibuye is a charming town enveloped by hills and islands. Its vibrant market, genocide memorial church, and cultural center add to its allure. Travelers can embark on a boat trip to Napoleon Island, home to thousands of bats, or Amahoro Island, where they can swim and enjoy a picnic.

Nyungwe National Park Enveloped by an unspoiled rainforest along the congo nile hiking trail in rwanda

Nyungwe National Park: Enveloped by an unspoiled rainforest spanning over 1000 square kilometers, Nyungwe National Park, is a haven for nature enthusiasts. It shelters over 300 bird species, 75 mammal species, and 13 primate species, including chimpanzees, colobus monkeys, and golden monkeys. Visitors can hike along various trails, traverse the canopy walkway, or join guided wildlife tours.

Kamembe Town: Serving as the trail’s endpoint, Kamembe is a small town nestled on the southern shore of Lake Kivu. It features an airport, a museum, and a cathedral. Additionally, it offers proximity to Cyangugu, where travelers can explore Buriundi’s Rusizi National Park and observe hippos, crocodiles, and various bird species.

Route Sections of The Congo Nile Trail

Route Sections of The Congo Nile Trail

The Congo Nile Trail is divided into 10 sections, each offering its own attractions and challenges. Spanning approximately 227 kilometers, the distance of the entire trail can take anywhere from 2 to 10 days to complete, depending on the mode of transportation and the pace of travel.

Section 1: Rubavu – Cyimbiri Trail

Starting point: BRALIRWA Brewery Ltd.
Duration: 5 hours
Length: 16.5 km
Difficulty: Medium

The 16.5 km Rubavu-Cyimbiri hike starts from Rubavu, Rwanda’s largest beach town. The trail concludes at Cyimbiri Guest House, nestled lakeside amidst coffee plantations and lush greenery. Midway, participants can engage in various community-based activities, such as traditional pottery, music, and immersive coffee and tea experiences. Accommodation options range from budget guesthouses to upscale four-star lodgings. 

Accommodation: Cyimbiri Guest House (camping is also available).

Section 2: Cyimbiri – Kinunu

Starting point: Cyimbiri Guest House
Duration: 4 hours
Length: 13.4 km
Difficulty: Medium

Spanning Lake Kivu’s periphery and weaving through small villages and harbors, the 13.4 km Cyimbiri-Kinunu stretch begins with a traditional healing trail and showcases captivating landscapes.

Within this phase, visitors can also partake in community-based tourism offerings like beekeeping, coffee encounters, and engaging with local women cooperatives for handcrafting experiences.


  • Kinunu Guest House
  • Rushel Kivu lodge

Section 3: Kinunu – Bumba

Starting point: Kinunu Center
Duration: 7 hours
Length: 24 km
Difficulty: Challenging

Covering 24 km of rolling hills, the Kinunu-Bumba trail provides hikers with awe-inspiring Lake Kivu vistas. This challenging but feasible phase offers opportunities for agro-tourism experiences with local communities. The route provides intriguing lake and valley views, coupled with occasional steep and demanding stretches.


  • Bumba Base Camp
  • Dian Fossey Hotel

Section 4: Bumba – Karongi

Starting point: Bumba Base Camp
Duration: 5 hours
Length: 15.9 km
Difficulty: Challenging

The 15.9 km Bumba-Karongi segment marks the northern culmination of the Congo Nile Hiking Trail. A short boat voyage precedes entry into the tranquil town of Karongi. Within this town, tourists can engage with local fishermen during night fishing outings, experience unique activities like swimming cows, sorghum, and silkworm encounters, and embark on boat rides to the lake’s hilly islands.

Accommodation: Karongi offers a range of options, from small guest houses to larger hotels.

Section 5: Karongi – Mugonero

Starting point: Karongi Hospital roundabout
Duration: 6 hours
Length: 19.6 km
Difficulty: Challenging

The 19.6 km Karongi-Mugonero stage unfolds breathtaking views of Lake Kivu and its captivating islands. Hikers may extend their trek with a challenging ascent up Mount Karongi to the Gisovu Tea plantations, providing options to reach Nyungwe National Park or continue along the Congo Nile Hiking Trail the following day. Gisovu offers accommodation facilities and a tea experience amidst the lush tea plantations.

Section 6: Mugonero – Karengera

Starting point: L’Esperance Mugonero
Duration: 7 hours
Length: 22.5 km
Difficulty: Challenging

The extensive 22.5 km Karengera-Mugonero route meanders through hills, valleys, and fields, showcasing splendid lake and Kivu Belt road views. The journey culminates at Karengera High School. While undertaking this leg, hikers embark on a boat trip across Mugonero Bay, scaling small paths to an elevated hill overlooking the lake, meandering through rice fields, and more.

Accommodation: Karengera High School (basic accommodation available).

Section 7: Karengera – Kumbya Trail

Starts: Karengera High School
Duration: 4 hours
Distance: 14.7 km
Difficulty: Moderate

The 14.7 km Karengera-Kumbya stretch traverses rice fields, leading to the serene Kumbya retreat center nestled on a picturesque peninsula. Birdwatchers will delight in the bird-friendly native tree forest. Accommodation options comprise the Kumbya Retreat Centre and Kumbya Kivu Life Eco Lodge.


  • Kumbya Retreat Centre
  • Kumbya Kivu Life Eco Lodge

Section 8: Kumbya – Ishara Trail

Starting: Kumbya peninsula entrance
Duration: 3 hours
Distance: 13 km
Difficulty: Moderate

Encompassing charming lakeside paths and picturesque villages, the 13 km Kumbya-Ishara route showcases rural smiles and greetings from local communities. This segment concludes with a stroll through Kamiranzovu Valley’s rice fields. Ishara Beach Hotel in Nyamasheke serves as the main accommodation, with alternative options available in Nyamasheke.


  • Ishara Beach Hotel in Nyamasheke
  • Guest houses available in Nyamasheke Town

Section 9: Ishara – Shangi Trail

Begins from Ishara Beach Hotel
Duration: 7 hours
Distance: 24 km
Difficulty: Moderate

Laying near Lake Kivu and enveloped by nature, the 24 km Ishara-Shangi stretch unveils captivating vegetation, including eucalyptus trees. Narrow footpaths weave through villages and fields, granting stunning lake views. The trail concludes at Shangi Catholic Church, where visitors can explore historical landmarks like “Richard Kandt House.”

Accommodation: St. Martin Parish

Section 10: Shangi – Kamembe Trail

Starts at: Shangi Catholic Church
Duration: 5 hours
Distance: 18.3 km

The final stage, spanning 18.3 km from Shangi to Kamembe Town, immerses hikers in the vibrant Rusizi District. Kamembe Town, home to Kamembe Airport, offers various accommodation options and community-based tourism activities, including night fishing, boat rides, and cultural experiences.

What to prepare for your hiking trip to Rwanda:

  • Tourist visa: Apply online at www.migration.gov.rw before your trip to Rwanda.
  • Long-sleeved shirts and long trousers: to protect you from the sun, insects, and vegetation along the trail.
  • Waterproof, sturdy hiking boots: Choose boots that provide ankle support and are suitable for rugged terrain.
  • Sturdy gloves: These will come in handy for gripping rocks or branches during the hike.
  • Rain jacket/poncho: Be prepared for unpredictable weather. A waterproof jacket or poncho will keep you dry during rain showers.
  • Hat: Protect yourself from the sun by wearing a hat that provides shade for your face and neck.
  • Gaiters: Gaiters will help keep debris, mud, and small rocks out of your boots.
  • Insect repellent: Apply insect repellent to protect yourself from mosquitoes and other insects.
  • A warm jacket: Evenings and higher elevations can get chilly, so pack a warm jacket or fleece to layer up.
Gorgeous Lake Kivu along the Congo Nile trail

Main points to note about the Congo Nile Trail

You’ll be hiking through communities: The trail passes through local villages and towns, offering opportunities to interact with the local communities and experience their culture.

You don’t need a permit or entry ticket: Unlike some other trails, there is no need for a specific permit or entry ticket to hike the Congo Nile Trail.

You can take a guide if you prefer: While not mandatory, hiring a local guide can enhance your experience by providing insights into the trail, local culture and ensuring your safety.

No dangerous wild animals will cross your path: The Congo Nile Trail is not known for dangerous wildlife encounters. However, it’s always advisable to take precautions and follow safety guidelines provided by local authorities or your guide.

Remember to check the latest travel advisories, weather conditions, and any additional requirements before your nature hiking trip in Rwanda. Proper preparation and respecting local customs and regulations will help ensure a safe and enjoyable hiking experience on the Congo-Nile Trail.

Take The Trail

The Congo-Nile Trail in Rwanda is an awe-inspiring and transformative journey that beckons adventurous souls. As you traverse this remarkable trail, you’ll be captivated by the vibrant communities that welcome you with open arms, sharing their rich culture and traditions. Every step reveals breathtaking landscapes that stir the soul—towering mountains, shimmering lakes, and lush rainforests that whisper ancient stories. The absence of dangerous wildlife allows you to immerse yourself fully in the experience, forging a deep connection with nature and your surroundings. With each passing mile, you’ll discover not only the beauty of Rwanda but also the resilience and warmth of its people. The Congo-Nile Trail is more than a hike; it’s an inspiration, a testament to the indomitable spirit of exploration and the boundless possibilities that await those who dare to embark on this transformative journey.

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Hiking The Congo Nile Trail Along Lake Kivu in Rwanda
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